Bahia grass - as a landowner, you'll either love it or you'll hate it. While Bahia grass has a few good qualities (vigorous growth, erosion control, tolerates various soil types, crowds out weeds), it is almost always unwelcome in the yard and often disliked in the pasture setting.
In the yard, the tall seed stalks, easily recognized by the V-shaped 2-3" black seed heads on top of a 2' stem, pop up just a few days after mowing. To make matters worse, the stems are so tough that they will dull a lawnmower blade and reduce your mower's efficiency. Even without considering the unsightliness of the seed heads, the rhizomes and lower leaves of Bahia presents a less desirable texture and feel in a lawn setting. It is important to note that while it can be well restrained, complete and permanent eradication of Bahiagrass is not possible. This is due to the sheer number of seeds that remain viable in the soil for years, and the tenacity of the Bahiagrass root system.
In livestock grazing pastures, the stalks mature quickly, thereby offering a lower nutritive value and palatability than common and improved Bermuda grasses. The key differences between Bermuda grass and Bahia grass in pasture are illustrated in the photo below. This is a Kenney-area beef cattle pasture in August 2014. The left section was sprayed with MSM Turf herbicide earlier in the growing season, which very effectively killed out the Bahia grass. The right side is where the land manager did not spray MSM Turf. You can see that the healthy stand of Bahia grass on the right has crowded out most of the weeds, whereas on the left the Bermuda has allowed a few wooly croton(aka goat weed) and others to pop up. However, as you can tell by the color and height, the Bahia section is more mature and less nutritive, while the Bermuda side is more lush and preferred by the cattle. Taking all of this into account, one could certainly make a reasonable argument for or against Bahia in the pasture setting.
Ready to rid yourself, or your grass at least, of Bahia? For small lawn applications, we have Martin's Top Shot, with the same active ingredient as MSM Turf, in a (2)1.8 ml blister pack which mixes with up to 2 gallons of water to cover 5,000 sq. ft. for under $10. We have QualPro's MSM Turf available in 2 oz (covers 4-8 acres) and 8 oz (covers 16-32 acres), when used at a rate of .25-.5 oz per acre. If you'd like a herbicide which will have more residual control, we would recommend a product such as Dow's Chaparral. None of these herbicides require a license for purchase. With these or any other herbicide, for best results use a good quality surfactant to ensure best leaf absorbency. For more information on Bahiagrass, pasture management and lawn care, visit the sites below and come see us!
Clemson Cooperative Extension: Bahiagrass
Smith County Agrilife: East Texas' Love/Hate Relationship with Bahiagrass
Why reformulate an already proven formula? Market research indicated that a growing number of horse owners were looking for a complete (roughage-included) feed with no corn, no molasses, and low sugar/starch. So, the Purina horse feed team took the best of the original Equine Adult (complete, moderately low starch/sugar for adult horses) and the best of the classic Horse Chow 100 (complete, low corn, minimal molasses, hay-replacement option) to create the new Purina Equine Adult. The new formula is completely pelleted, like the Horse Chow 100.
Why would you consider replacing hay or forage in your horse's diet? The Purina Equine Research team explains:
"Hay, pasture and grain vary considerably and can be inconsistent in nutritional value. Of particular concern are deficits, excesses, and imbalances of calcium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, selenium, and Vitamin E. Changes in weather, growing conditions, and agricultural practices can effect both quality and price. Good hay may not be available year round, and especially hard to find when traveling. What's more, as much as 20-30% of hay can end up as waste. When fed as directed, Purina Equine Adult horse feed contains all the high-quality forage your horse needs."
If you've been feeding either Horse Chow 100 or the original Equine Adult, both of which are now discontinued, you will want to give your horse about a week to transition slowly to the new Equine Adult formula to prevent chance of digestive upset.
Come by and see us to learn more about Purina Equine Adult and the other products in the Purina horse feed group. We'll be happy to help you find the right feed for your horse!
*New feed tag regulations state that feeds labeled "low starch" or "low sugar" must include guaranteed maximum content of starch and sugars on the tag. This was not required in previous years due to insufficient reliability of testing procedures, but new testing technology available today allows for more consistent results, thereby justifying the guarantee on the tags. Tag requirements vary from state to state.
It should be also noted that for special needs horses, such as those with Cushing's, insulin resistance, or Equine Metabolic Syndrome, the recommended max NSC intake is 10-12%. For more information and comparison of NSC in Purina's horse feeds, go to http://purinamills.com/animal-nutrition-information/articles/horses/starch,sugars,fat,and-calories-in-diets/ .
Frequently Asked Senior Horse Questions
What age qualifies a horse as "senior"?
We typically think of a senior horse as one that is in its teens, but individual horses become seniors at different ages. The age at which a horse’s nutritional needs shift from those of a mature adult horse to those of a geriatric horse is determined by genetics and the way that horse was managed throughout its life. Basically, the horse itself determines when it becomes a senior. Some common indications of changing nutritional needs can help determine when to start addressing the needs of a geriatric horse. For instance, it becomes more difficult to maintain body weight on a senior horse with a traditional diet of hay or grass and feed. A senior horse may also start dropping wads of partially chewed hay on the ground (quidding).
What are common problems with senior horses?
These may include worn or missing teeth, decreasing digestive efficiency, respiratory problems, difficulty maintaining body weight, poor haircoat and chronic lameness. Working with your veterinarian will help determine when to begin addressing concerns of the aging horse, to ensure its continued good health and longevity.
Why is dental care so important to older horses?
As a horse ages, the grinding motion of chewing wears the teeth down, and the teeth then erupt to replace what has worn away. At some point in a horse’s life, there is not enough tooth left to replace the wear, and the horse can no longer chew properly. Further, as the teeth wear, they can develop sharp edges or points that can lacerate the cheeks and tongue. Finally, inadequate chewing can cause lack of salivation, which may result in poor lubrication for swallowing, thus increasing the possibility of choke. Yearly dental exams are recommended, more often if issues are found.
Do older horses need extra shelter?
Just like older people, a horses's ability to sense and regulate temperature may deteriorate as they age. Your older horse may need more energy to keep himself warm in cold weather. Expending energy on staying warm means that your horse will need extra feed and access to high quality forage. A stall, covered run, or other shelter from the rain and wind will go a long way in keeping an older horse in good condition through the cold season. In the hot Texas summer, a shade source is essential to help your older horse stay cool.
Do older horses need special hoof care?
Good hoof care is important throughout the life of the horse. Hoof growth may slow slightly as the horse ages, making proper care more important even if it may be less frequently needed. Sometimes arthritis may make hoof care uncomfortable for the horse, which can be remedied with pain medication. If the horse has developed lameness, laminitis, or other hoof issues, regular, professional farrier work is even more important.
See more posts about horse care on our blog or learn more at http://horse.purinamills.com.
Events for Saturday, May 3, 2014
DJ -- Popcorn -- Slushes
Product reps available for Stihl, Purina, Garden & Wildlife Products
Super Sale All Day (Friday, too)
Enter to win Grand Prizes & "You Pick" Prizes
Mini Door Prizes drawn every hour!
8 AM Kids' Painted Birdhouse Judging
Wooden birdhouses painted prior to event by Pre-K class at Tender Care Learning Center; will be on display & returned to the class afterwards
9 - 10 AM Fat Cat Contest
Bring your cat and we'll start weighing in at 9 AM. Heaviest cat wins $25 gift certificate & bag of treats. Please bring cat on leash or in carrier for his/her safety.
10 AM - 1 PM FREE Petting Zoo and Barrel Train Rides
11 AM - 1 PM Complimentary Hot Dogs & Drinks
1:30 PM Drawing of Mega "You Pick" Door Prizes
Need not be present to win; See prizes here
2 PM Drawing of Grand Prizes
3 Winners of $1000 Gift Certificates
Must be present to win!!!
All day Friday & Saturday
May 2 & 3
10% off ALL STIHL Serial Numbered Equipment
Discounts this big are only offered once a year!
Stihl Rep will be on hand for consultation
BUY 1, GET 1 FREE
PMI Exclusive and Red Flannel Pet Foods
Mix & Match, Lesser Priced Bag Free, Limit 1 Free per household
Purina Impact Horse Feed
All Formulations: 12% Sweet, 12:6+L Pellet, 14:5 Pellet, Forage Extender; Limit 10 bags per household
Purina Stocker Grower 14% Cattle Creep
Limit 20 bags
Includes pellets, crumbles, and Omega-3
Save $50 off every $500 spent
New Styles of Muck Boots 20% Off
Xpress-Cool Shoes and Boots
3 Grand Prize Winners of
$1000 Linseisen's Gift Cards
will be drawn @ 2 PM Saturday
*must be present to win grand prizes*
7 Mega "You Pick" Door Prizes will be drawn at 1:30 PM Saturday
Each person can choose which prize they'd like to try to win; need not be present to win:
Stihl BG 55 Blower and Stihl gear bag $200 value
$500 Purina Feed Credit
300 lb All Seasons Stand & Fill Solar Deer Feeder $560 value
YETI Roadie 20 Quart Cooler $200 value
25 Gallon Sprayer with 10 ft Booms $400 value
Corintian Bells Windchime Gift Set with $100 Gift Card $200 value
Pair of Texas-Made Wooden Rocking Chairs $340 value
Additional Mini Door Prizes will be drawn on the hour both Friday and Saturday
Out with the old, in with the NEW!
Purina Animal Nutrition has revitalized the old Horseman's Edge line of feeds and is reintroducing it as Purina Impact Horse feed. The same assortment of formulations is available.
As always, this affordable & nutrient packed feed is made of nutritionally balanced ingredients that are highly digestible. With high quality protein for muscle maintenance, added fat for sustainable energy and hair coat, and vitamin & mineral fortification for bones and immune system support, Impact Horse feeds are one of the best values available.
At Linseisen's, we stock the 12:6 +Lysine pellets, 14:5 pellets, Forage Extender pellets, and 12% textured (sweet). Come by to visit with us about which formula can work the best for your horse.
Strategy Healthy Edge
Full Product Information Sheet (printable)
So what's the difference between the original and the Healthy Edge formulation? Healthy Edge is a premium molasses flavored, pelleted feed that is lower in calories, sugar and starch, but higher in fat than original Strategy GX. It is not for young growing horses or hard working athletes, but is ideal for maintenance and active pleasure horses. Watch this short video to hear the difference and the best use of Strategy Healthy Edge:
Purina Equine Senior Active
Full Product Information Sheet (printable)
Original Equine Senior is the most recommended feed for aging horses - so why the need for a second formulation?
First of all, there is no specific age at which a horse is considered "senior". Senior status is determined by a combination of the horse's activity level, teeth condition and digestive ability. For the horse who has lost his ability to chew well and digest hay and forage, original Equine Senior is the best way to keep him healthy and happy. Original Equine Senior is easy to chew and digest, keeping the horse in great condition while providing the roughage needs that would otherwise be difficult for him to eat.
For the more active, "young at heart" horse with good dental health and digestive abilities, the Senior Active formula can provide better nutrition, more calories, and at a lower cost per feeding.
Which Senior feed is right for your horse?
Check out the Purina Senior Horse Resource Center for articles, videos, chat forums, and more!